The history of the electric car

More than 100 years ago Ford, Porsche and other European manufacturers already produced electric car.

Porsche, for example, produced a hybrid that had an electric motor in each wheel Lohner-Porsche Semper called Vivus, which was the precursor of modern hybrids.

However, in the first two decades of the twentieth century, oil use was imposed on the battery technology as the main propellant motors for electric cars and were forgotten until the early 90s.

Toyota, taking advantage of the neglect of manufacturers in the US, came forward market and in 1997 launched the first generation Prius, the first hybrid that over time became the benchmark for this type of technology and simply imitated by the rest.

By 2012, virtually all automakers in the world have one or more hybrid models with different applications.

General Motors, for example, has a new system called e-Assit that is very similar to Kenetic Energy Recovery System (KERS) in Formula 1, which stores energy in an electric battery to deliver the system of the gasoline engine at any time, with an additional total of 15 horsepower and even the possibility of walking the car with electric power only for a couple of miles.

This system is already in Buick Verano models and 2013 Chevy Malibu Eco.

General Motors also is selling the Chevy Volt which always operates with an electric motor, but also has a gasoline engine to generate the electricity needed to move the car once the battery runs out after about 40 miles.

There are also several fully electric models range regardless of about 100 miles on a full charge of its batteries, such as the Nissan LEAF, the Mistubishi iMev, the Ford Focus Electric and the Tesla Roadster, which is built on the platform of a Lotus Elise, a sports car with an induction motor and single speed transmission that delivers all the power from boot time and has the equivalent of 288 horsepower and accelerates from 0-60 mph in 3.7 seconds.

And as with hybrids, all manufacturers already have one or more prototypes of electric cars, like the supercar BMW i8, which made an appearance in the film Mission Impossible IV, but it could be on sale soon with the compact BMW i3.

Even Rolls-Royce has the Phantom 102EX which was built on a lightweight aluminum structure and instead the engine V12 6.75-liter with automatic transmission of six changes from the original version of the Rolls-Royce Phantom, has a battery pack ion -litio and two electric motors connected to a transmission speed integrated single differential which allows it to accelerate from 0-60 mph in less than eight seconds against 5.7 seconds of regulation Phantom and reaches top speed of 100 miles per hour.